Obesity

Objectives
 
 

Definition

Incidence
Etiology

Obesity is multifactorial, with genetic, neurologic, behavioral, and occasionally endocrinologic disorders playing a role.

Discussion
Diagnosis

Often the visual perspective is enough to promote curiosity. Useful tools such as the "body mass index" (Figure 1) and the "hip to waist ratio" are available for more accurate delineation. Skin fold determinations also are an accurate way to assess an estimated percentage of body fat. Other modalities, including densitometry, ultrasound, and CAT scans have been used to assess this disease.

Risks

The medical risks associated with this disease are legion.

Treatment

To be successful, a multifaceted treatment approch is necessary for this multifactorial disease. These facets include proper diet, behavior changes, and increased exercise. Additionally, medications and even surgical interventions have been applied to combat obesity in certain patients.


D. Heard, MD
updated 8/30/05


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